While you’re not required to insure your home by law like auto insurance, your mortgage lender more often than not will require you to secure homeowners insurance before they give you a loan. Homeowners insurance protects your home, its contents, and may also protect your other assets in the event of a disaster, fire, burglary, or accidents.
If you’re just starting the process of shopping for homeowners insurance make sure you ask yourself the following questions so you can determine which homeowners insurance policy and coverage level that is right for you.
1. What’s the history of the home?
If your home has a previous owner, request a claims history report from the seller — this will detail prior home damage, such as floods, fires, or other incidents. This is key to uncovering any of the home’s weak spots that could increase your premium or even make it difficult to insure.
Try to gather as many details as possible to help gauge potential issues and keep in mind that a newer home is typically in better condition than an older one, so it could cost you less in premiums.
2. What level of coverage do I need?
First, determine the replacement cost of your home by having a home builder look at your home and provide an estimate of the cost to rebuild. Once you’ve determined your home’s replacement cost, you can decide what kind of coverage is the best fit. There are three levels to consider:
- Actual Cash Value: This covers your home along with the value of your belongings after deducting depreciation.
- Replacement Cost: This is the actual cash value without accounting for depreciation, and assumes you’d repair or rebuild your home up to the original value.
- Guaranteed/Extended Replacement Cost: This is the most comprehensive level, and will cover the cost to repair or rebuild your home, even if it’s higher than your policy limit. Some insurers will offer this level, however, it’s offered with a maximum of 20 to 25% more than your limit.
You don’t want to run the risk of insuring your home just enough to cover your mortgage because that usually only covers 90% of your home’s total value. It’s a good idea to get coverage for more than your home is worth.
3. How much of a deductible am I comfortable with?
A deductible is the amount you’ll pay out of pocket before coverage kicks in. Similar to car and health insurance, choose the highest deductible you can afford. This will lower your monthly insurance costs. If you opt for a lower deductible, this means your insurer has to cover more, and they’ll pass these costs on to you with higher premiums.
You should only use insurance to cover significant expenses. For example, if fixing some roof shingles will cost you $400, you should avoid filing a claim, just pay for it. The more claims you file, the higher your monthly premiums will be.
4. What are my personal belongings worth?
When protecting your possessions, you might want more coverage than a typical policy covers. If you have any items of exceptional financial worth, such a family heirloom, a piece of artwork, or jewelry, you should insure these pieces separately. Insurers will charge extra, but the coverage is worth it.
There are two levels of coverage for possessions – actual cash value and replacement cost. The actual cash value covers what you’d receive if you sold it today, which is less than what you paid. Replacement cost covers the cost to buy a brand-new one like your old one.
5. Is the home in a high-risk zone?
If your home is located in a high-risk area like a flood, hurricane, tornado zone, or the closest fire station is several miles away you may need to add a rider to your policy (or get a separate policy) to cover these costs specifically.
Once you decide what type of homeowners insurance is right for your home, shop around and get several quotes to offer you some leverage with negotiations. If you have auto insurance with a company that also provides homeowners insurance, you may be able to get a competitive rate with them since you’re an existing customer.
If you would like a professional opinion you can also consult with an insurance agent to determine the coverage that best fits your needs.